the botanical garden in florence, italy

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  The Botanical Garden  

Address: Via La Pira, 4

The name Bigallo comes from the Compagnia The botanical garden whose traditional name is the "Giardino dei Semplici" has much earlier origins and a more varied history. Cosimo I de' Medici himself promoted the formation of a university botanic garden, and also did much valuable work for the university garden at Pisa suggesting to Cosimo that he might establish one in Florence. This took place on 1st December 1545 and the Giardino dei Semplici thus became the third Botanical Garden after Padua and Pisa. It was arranged with flower beds and avenues and decorated with statues and fountains by wellknown Florentine sculptors. It was soon of national importance. Under the direction of Piero Antonio Micheli and Giovanni Targioni Tozzetti it was updated and improved but the creation of a further two gardens towards the end of the century brought its level down and it was only a hundred years later that it improved again.

Now measuring a little more than two hectares, almost all belonging to the original layout it includes hot and temperate houses for the tropical plants, medicinal plants and some superb examples of sequoia trees, cedars and oaks from the early nineteenth century.

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